There are numerous types of ticks that attack dogs, even a cat, causing various forms of diseases and inflammation that can spread in animals and humans alike. Many people are surprised to find out how common ticks are. Some of the ticks most commonly found in North America are: deer tick, brown dog tick, lone star tick and American dog tick. Here we will explain the properties of these parasites, some common methods of getting rid of them, and what you can get from your vet for prevention of ticks on dogs.
The American dog tick, also known as wood tick, is a very common tick that feeds on mammals including dogs, raccoons and sometimes humans. The American dog tick is mostly active in the spring and summer season, usually during the months of April through June. It’s found throughout the United States, predominately east of the Rocky Mountains. It’s also found some areas of Canada, Mexico and parts of the Pacific Northwest of the U.S. This tick is quite dangerous as it can infect humans with Rocky Mountain fever and tularemia. Despite the tick’s name, a canine isn’t its only source of food.
The lone star tick is not as dangerous a parasite as the American dog tick but it does carry tick-borne diseases and can infect humans with Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia and ehrlichiosis. It generally feeds on various warm-blooded species including humans. The larvae of this tick so small its hard to find it anywhere. The lone star tick is active in the warmer season from April to July.
Deer ticks, also called the black-legged tick, are found though out the United States and especially where white tail deer live. Like many other ticks the deer tick also get their food from various species of animals and human beings. These ticks are commonly found in bushy areas and are active nearly throughout the year. The larvae and nymphs are mostly active from spring to summer but the adults have been seen to be active throughout the spring, summer and even fall season. It is their long period of activity that makes them such a nuisance for the humans and their pets. Deer ticks are known to spread the dangerous Lyme disease, human analasmosis and babesiosis and they are most dangerous in the summer season when the nymphs are in the growing stage needing constant feeding. There is even a threat of lyme disease in dogs.
The brown dog tick is very common throughout the United States but is not very dangerous as it rarely attacks on human beings preferring to feed on fur bearing dogs. Brown dog ticks in high numbers can seriously affect a dog’s health causing symptoms of dog ticks such as skin irritation, dermatitis, anemia or in severe conditions even death. A dog owner will find that brown dog ticks can even live indoors, easily adapting to the atmosphere of a home. They will take up residence in places like verandas, gardens, and inside cracks in walls and flooring etc. Its life cycle is dependent upon the domestic environment hence it is necessary to keep the house and the surrounding locality as clean as possible while treating it with a good pesticide.
Tick prevention for dogs can be had by spraying medicines such as Frontline Plus spray. One of the better treatments for dog ticks, Frontline plus, if properly used on the dog along with good environmental control measures, can help control attacks of fleas and ticks on dogs for almost a month. A thorough treatment with Frontline Plus can completely break the development life cycle of brown dog ticks, hence saving the pet from the threat of this dangerous tick. It’s a flea and tick prescription medicine that you can get from your veterinarian.